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These subject pages present a selection of relevant resources for students, teachers, and researchers in History. In the links above you will find information about research methods, literature searches, source referencing, academic writing, databases with new historical research, links to national and international networks, and other archives or source collections. In the general resources you will find links to the Source Compass, the Writing Shed, EndNote, and much more.

We are constantly developing our collections in consultation with faculty, and we try to be strong in the areas of regional history, the use of history, environmental history, historical literacy, and postcolonial history. Our unique Ro collection contains books on recent US history, particularly post-war protest movements, neo-conservatism, imperialism, and African-American history. Please remember that we also have many non-digitized journals – you find these by searching the journal title in the library catalogue Oria.

Recent arrivals

Dirty War

Dirty War is the first comprehensive look at the Rhodesia's top secret use of chemical and biological weapons (CBW) during their long counterinsurgency against native African nationalists. Having declared its independence from Great Britain in 1965, the government--made up of European settlers and their descendants--almost immediately faced a growing threat from native African nationalists. In the midst of this long and terrible conflict, Rhodesia resorted to chemical and biological weapons against an elusive guerrilla adversary. A small team made up of a few scientists and their students at a remote Rhodesian fort to produce lethal agents for use. Cloaked in the strictest secrecy, these efforts were overseen by a battle-hardened and ruthless officer of Rhodesia's Special Branch and his select team of policemen. Answerable only to the head of Rhodesian intelligence and the Prime Minister, these men working alongside Rhodesia's elite counterguerrilla military unit, the Selous Scouts, developed the ingenious means to deploy their poisons against the insurgents. The effect of the poisons and disease agents devastated the insurgent groups both inside Rhodesia and at their base camps in neighboring countries. At times in the conflict, the Rhodesians thought that their poisons effort would bring the decisive blow against the guerrillas. For months at a time, the Rhodesian use of CBW accounted for higher casualty rates than conventional weapons. In the end, however, neither CBW use nor conventional battlefield successes could turn the tide. Lacking international political or economic support, Rhodesia's fate from the outset was doomed. Eventually the conflict was settled by the ballot box and Rhodesia became independent Zimbabwe in April 1980. Dirty War is the culmination of nearly two decades of painstaking research and interviews of dozens of former Rhodesian officers who either participated or were knowledgeable about the top secret development and use of CBW. The book also draws on the handful of remaining classified Rhodesian documents that tell the story of the CBW program. Dirty War combines all of the available evidence to provide a compelling account of how a small group of men prepared and used CBW to devastating effect against a largely unprepared and unwitting enemy. Looking at the use of CBW in the context of the Rhodesian conflict, Dirty War provides unique insights into the motivation behind CBW development and use by states, especially by states combating internal insurgencies. As the norms against CBW use have seemingly eroded with CW use evident in Iraq and most recently in Syria, the lessons of the Rhodesian experience are all the more valid and timely.

Ancient Greece and Rome in Videogames

This volume presents an original framework for the study of video games that use visual materials and narrative conventions from ancient Greece and Rome. It focuses on the culturally rich continuum of ancient Greek and Roman games, treating them not just as representations, but as functional interactive products that require the player to interpret, communicate with and alter them. Tracking the movement of such concepts across different media, the study builds an interconnected picture of antiquity in video games within a wider transmedial environment. Ancient Greece and Rome in Videogames presents a wide array of games from several different genres, ranging from the blood-spilling violence of god-killing and gladiatorial combat to meticulous strategizing over virtual Roman Empires and often bizarre adventures in pseudo-ancient places. Readers encounter instances in which players become intimately engaged with the "epic mode" of spectacle in God of War, moments of negotiation with colonised lands in Rome: Total War and Imperium Romanum, and multi-layered narratives rich with ancient traditions in games such as Eleusis and Salammbo. The case study approach draws on close analysis of outstanding examples of the genre to uncover how both representation and gameplay function in such "ancient games".

Arven etter 1968

Arven etter 1968 tilbyr en ny og tverrfaglig analyse av det lange 1968-opprøret, og drøfter virkningene av opprøret på politikk, samfunnsliv, filosofi, kunst, medier, litteratur, religion og pedagogikk fram til 2021.
1968-opprøret begynte rundt 1960, vedvarte inn i 1970- og 80-årene, og preger fortsatt samfunnsliv og tenkning over store deler av verden. I boka dominerer det norske perspektivet, men også USA, Frankrike og Tyskland er grundig analysert i egne kapitler. Tidligere framstillinger av 1968 har i for stor grad vært dominert av rene historiefaglige perspektiver og norsk-nasjonale rammer. I tillegg har analysene sjelden tematisert den lange virkningshistorien av protestbevegelsene og motkulturene som fylte opprøret. Arven etter 1968 bøter på disse manglene, og gir dermed ny kunnskap om et opprør som i dag har fått en rekke arvtakere. Det gjelder #metoo-bevegelsen, «klimabrølet», miljøene bak #BlackLivesMatter, i tillegg til identitetspolitikken i regi av nye trossamfunn, etniske minoriteter, transpersoner og queer-bevegelsen.

Norsk kristendomshistorie 1800–2020: fra selvsagt tro til mangfold

Kristendommens stilling i Norge ble radikalt forandret på drøye 200 år. Hvordan og hvorfor skjedde det?

I 1800 var kristen tro selvsagt, og det var kirkeplikt. I dag er norske borgere med i forskjellige trossamfunn, eller de står utenfor dem. De tenker ulikt om Gud og moral, og mange regner seg ikke som kristne. Samtidig er kristendommen en viktig kulturfaktor og det aller viktigste i mange menneskers liv.

I denne boka beskriver Helje Kringlebotn Sødal utviklingen fra samlet oppslutning om en statsreligion til religionsfrihet, mangfold, splittelser og subjektiv tro. Boka handler også om revitalisering, kristen enhet, mange former for kristne fellesskap og levedyktig kristendom i møte med modernisering og sekularisering. Det er viet stor plass til vekselvirkninger mellom kristendom, kirkesamfunn og kristne på den ene siden, og stat, samfunn og kulturliv på den andre siden.

Allmenn historieskriving framhever ofte kirkelig makt, maktmisbruk og teologisk begrunnede tvangstiltak og overtramp. I denne boka har kristendom som konstruktiv samfunns- og kulturfaktor og som moral-, identitets- og meningsskaper, høyere prioritet.

The Retornados from the Portuguese Colonies in Africa

Placed in the wider scope of post-war European decolonisation migrations, The Retornados from the Portuguese Colonies in Africa looks at the "Return" of the Portuguese nationals living in the African colonies when they became independent. Using an interdisciplinary research agenda, the book presents a collection of research essays written by experts in the fields of anthropology, history, literature and the arts, that look at a wide range of memory narratives through which the Return-as well as the experiences of war, violence, loss and trauma-have been expressed, contested and internalised in the social realm. These narratives include testimonial accounts from the so-called retornados from Africa and their descendants, as well as works of fiction and public memory-novels, television series, artworks, films or social media-that have come to mediate the public understanding of this past. Through the dialogue between these different narrative modes, this book intends to explore the interplay between official memory, the lived experience and fiction, thus contributing to build an empirical basis to critically discuss the memory of the end of the Portuguese empire within postcolonial Europe. This book will be of great interest to postgraduates, researchers and academics, most notably the ones working in the fields of postcolonial studies, cultural studies and memory studies