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Systematic literature studies, Health & Sport

Library subject page

Denne guiden er primært for studenter og forskere tilknyttet Fakultet for helse- og idrettsvitenskap ved UiA og som har planer om å publisere en systematisk litteraturstudie eller kunnskapsoppsummering

Different Review types

Lund, H. & Christensen, R. (2016). "a systematic review is a structured and preplanned synthesis of original studies that consists of predefined research questions, inclusion criteria, search methods, selection procedures, quality assessment, data extraction, and data analysis. No original research study should be deliberately excluded without explanation, and the results from each study should justify the conclusion"  Lund, H., Juhl, C. & Christensen, R. (2016). Systematic reviews and research waste. The Lancet, 387(10014), 123-124. 

Different Review types

Grant, M. J., & Booth, A. (2009). A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information And Libraries Journal, 26(2), 91-108.

  • Sutton, A., Clowes, M., Preston, L. & Booth, A. (2019). Meeting the review family: exploring review types and associated information retrieval requirements. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 36(3), 202-222.
  • Moher, D., Stewart, L. & Shekelle, P. (2015). All in the Family: systematic reviews, rapid reviews, scoping reviews, realist reviews, and more. Systematic Reviews, 4(1), 183. 
  • Munn, Z., Peters, M. D. J., Stern, C., Tufanaru, C., McArthur, A., & Aromataris, E. (2018). Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 18(1), 143. doi:10.1186/s12874-018-0611-x

..."what exactly is a systematic review? How does it differ from other types of reviews? And how do you systematically search the literature?" Karolinska Institutet, University library

Systematic literature studies: Guidelines and handbooks. Method and reporting guides

Method guidance; How to Do the review; examples JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis
Reporting guidance; What to include in your manuscript; example PRISMA and extensions, PRISMA-S

Scoping studies

Munn, Z., Pollock, D., Khalil, H., Alexander, L., McInerney, P., Godfrey, C. M., Peters, M. & Tricco, A. C. (2022). What are scoping reviews? Providing a formal definition of scoping reviews as a type of evidence synthesis. JBI Evidence Synthesis. 


  • Peters, M. D. J., Marnie, C., Tricco, A. C., Pollock, D., Munn, Z., Alexander, L., McInerney, P., Godfrey, C. M., & Khalil, H. (2020). Updated methodological guidance for the conduct of scoping reviews. JBI Evid Synth, 18(10), 2119-2126. 
  • Bradbury-Jones, C., Aveyard, H., Herber, O. R., Isham, L., Taylor, J., & O’Malley, L. (2021). Scoping reviews: the PAGER framework for improving the quality of reporting. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 1-14. 
  • Armstrong, R., Hall, B. J., Doyle, J. & Waters, E. (2011). Cochrane Update. 'Scoping the scope' of a cochrane review. J Public Health (Oxf), 33(1), 147-150.
  • Levac, D., Colquhoun, H. & O'Brien, K. K. (2010). Scoping studies: advancing the methodology. Implementation Science, 5(1), 69.
  • Colquhoun, H. L., Levac, D., O'Brien, K. K., Straus, S., Tricco, A. C., Perrier, L., … Moher, D. (2014). Scoping reviews: time for clarity in definition, methods, and reporting. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 67(12), 1291-1294.
  • Khalil, H., Peters, M., Godfrey, C. M., McInerney, P., Soares, C. B. & Parker, D. (2016). An Evidence-Based Approach to Scoping Reviews. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 13(2), 118-123.
  • Pham, M. T., Rajic, A., Greig, J. D., Sargeant, J. M., Papadopoulos, A. & McEwen, S. A. (2014). A scoping review of scoping reviews: advancing the approach and enhancing the consistency. Res Synth Methods, 5(4), 371-385.

Databases that covers mainly systematic reviews


Also search for systematic reviews published in journals from the reference database, like MEDLINE, CINAHL etc.