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Scoping studies

"Scoping reviews are a type of evidence synthesis that aims to systematically identify and map the breadth of evidence available on a particular topic, field, concept, or issue, often irrespective of source (ie, primary research, reviews, non-empirical evidence) within or across particular contexts. Scoping reviews can clarify key concepts/definitions in the literature and identify key characteristics or factors related to a concept, including those related to methodological research." Munn, et al (2022)

Zachary Munn: An Introduction and Overview of Scoping Reviews, 2022 


Munn, Z., Pollock, D., Khalil, H., Alexander, L., McInerney, P., Godfrey, C. M., Peters, M. & Tricco, A. C. (2022). What are scoping reviews? Providing a formal definition of scoping reviews as a type of evidence synthesis. JBI Evidence Synthesis. 

Scoping review frameworks and reporting guidelines:

The scoping review framework, table  table 11.1.3 from JBI


  • Peters, M. D. J., Marnie, C., Tricco, A. C., Pollock, D., Munn, Z., Alexander, L., McInerney, P., Godfrey, C. M., & Khalil, H. (2020). Updated methodological guidance for the conduct of scoping reviews. JBI Evid Synth, 18(10), 2119-2126. 
  • Bradbury-Jones, C., Aveyard, H., Herber, O. R., Isham, L., Taylor, J., & O’Malley, L. (2021). Scoping reviews: the PAGER framework for improving the quality of reporting. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 1-14. 
  • Lockwood, C., Dos Santos, K. B. & Pap, R. (2019). Practical Guidance for Knowledge Synthesis: Scoping Review Methods. Asian Nursing Research, 13(5), 287-294. 
  • Armstrong, R., Hall, B. J., Doyle, J. & Waters, E. (2011). Cochrane Update. 'Scoping the scope' of a cochrane review. J Public Health (Oxf), 33(1), 147-150.
  • Levac, D., Colquhoun, H. & O'Brien, K. K. (2010). Scoping studies: advancing the methodology. Implementation Science, 5(1), 69.
  • Colquhoun, H. L., Levac, D., O'Brien, K. K., Straus, S., Tricco, A. C., Perrier, L., … Moher, D. (2014). Scoping reviews: time for clarity in definition, methods, and reporting. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 67(12), 1291-1294.
  • Khalil, H., Peters, M., Godfrey, C. M., McInerney, P., Soares, C. B. & Parker, D. (2016). An Evidence-Based Approach to Scoping Reviews. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 13(2), 118-123.
  • Pham, M. T., Rajic, A., Greig, J. D., Sargeant, J. M., Papadopoulos, A. & McEwen, S. A. (2014). A scoping review of scoping reviews: advancing the approach and enhancing the consistency. Res Synth Methods, 5(4), 371-385.
JBI: Recommendations for the extraction, analysis, and presentation of results in scoping reviews

Pollock, D., Peters, M. D. J., Khalil, H., McInerney, P., Alexander, L., Tricco, A. C., Evans, C., de Moraes, É. B., Godfrey, C. M., Pieper, D., Saran, A., Stern, C. & Munn, Z. (2023). Recommendations for the extraction, analysis, and presentation of results in scoping reviews. JBI Evidence Synthesis, 21(3).,_analysis,_and.7.aspx